RFA Operations since 1905
2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea mega thrust earth quake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December 2004, with an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The resulting tsunami itself was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Asian Tsunami, Indonesian Tsunami, and Boxing Day Tsunami.
The earthquake triggered a series of devastating tsunami along the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean, killing more than 225,000 people in eleven countries, and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 meters (100 feet) high. It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history. Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand were the hardest hit.
With a magnitude of between 9.1 and 9.3, it is the second largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph. This earthquake had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between 8.3 and 10 minutes. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 cm (0.4 inches) and triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska.
The plight of the many affected people and countries prompted wide spread humanitarian response.
Various Royal Naval units were tasked to provide humanitarian assistance. The Ministry of Defence assigned the name Operation Garron for the relief operations.
The following RFA was deployed with additional RN engineering personnel
embarked to provide technical assistance to the Maldives to repair 28 generators and restore electrical power..